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 Picture of a dog and a horn attached to gramaphone record player.

Rising Popularity of Flat Discs

Picture of animated lp logo disc

 

History of The Vinyl: part 11

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Cylinders had peaked in popularity around 1905. After this period, Berliner discs and disc players, most notably the Victrolas, began to take dominance of the market. Columbia Records, an Edison competitor, had stopped marketing cylinders in 1912.  The Edison Company was fully devoted to cylinder phonographs, but became concerned with the rising popularity of the flat discs!

Thomas Edison

Diamond

Phonograph

The Thomas Diamond Record Player Phonograph

Edison and his associates began developing their own disc player and discs in secret. Dr. Jonas Aylsworth was Edison's chief chemist. Dr. Aylsworth became a consultant for the Edison company in 1903. Dr. Aylsworth took charge of developing a plastic material for the discs! The aim was to produce a superior-sounding disc that would outperform the rivals' shellac records, that were prone to wear and warping!

 

5 Minute Recording Singles

This new technique would be a complete divergence from the competitor's discs of the vertical-cut procedure that would be used for the grooves. In this approach, the stylus would move up and down in the record groove, rather than from side to side or crossways. Ten-inch records would run for 5 minutes per side to run at an approximate speed of 80rpm! Dr. Jonas Aylsworth moulded phenol and formaldehyde mixed with wood flour and a solvent into a heat-resistant disc!

 

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Revised: 23 Jul 2011 22:03:17 +0100

Vinyl Records Collector